Gnosis is the ability of the brain to recognize previously learned information such as objects, persons, or places collected from our senses. Thus, there are different types of gnosis, one for each sensory modality, and gnosis which combine different sensory modalities.
Simple gnostic processes (in which only one sensory modality is involved):
Complex gnostic processes (in which more than one sensory modality is involved):
Gnosis is of vital importance in our daily life performance. Thanks to this ability we can recognize our close relatives (there is a disorder called prosopagnosia which is an inability to recognize familiar faces) or identify our favorite song (there are individuals who are unable to recognize music as a result of a disorder called amusia).
Can you imagine how your life would be if you were unable to identify certain parts of your body as belonging to you? Or how it would be to touch a common object like a spoon and being unable to recognize it?
At NeuronUP, we can help you treat gnostic difficulties with different activities. Regarding visual gnosis, we have tasks such as recognizing partially covered objects (even when we cannot always see the whole object, we nevertheless are able to recognize it by seeing one of its significant parts) and selecting which objects meet certain characteristics.
Regarding body schema, we have for instance an activity in which the patient must recognize facial features in a collage. The next image features two different half faces and the patient must determine which of the options given belongs to which half face.